BalletAs a music form progressed from simply a complement to dance, to a concrete compositional form that often had as much value as the dance that went along with it. The dance form, originating in France during the 17th century, began as a theatrical dance. It was not until the 19th century that ballet gained status as a “classical” form. In ballet, the terms ‘classical’ and ‘romantic’ are chronologically reversed from musical usage. Thus, the 19th century classical period in ballet coincided with the 19th century Romantic era in Music. Ballet music composers from the 17th–19th centuries, including the likes of Jean-Baptiste Lully and Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, were predominantly in France and Russia. Yet with the increased international notoriety seen in Tchaikovsky’s lifetime, ballet music composition and ballet in general spread across the western world.
Until about the second half of the 19th century the role of music in ballet was secondary, with the main emphasis on dance, while music was simply a compilation of danceable tunes. Writing "ballet music" used to be a job for musical craftsmen, rather than for masters. For example, critics of the Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky mentioned his writing of ballet music as something demeaning.
From the earliest ballets up to the time of Jean-Baptiste Lully (1632–1687), the music of ballet was indistinguishable from ballroom dance music. Lully created a style that was separate, wherein the music told a story. The first "Ballet d'action" was staged in 1717. This was a story told without any words. The pioneer was John Weaver (1673–1760). Both Lully and Jean-Philippe Rameau wrote "opera-ballets", where the story was partly danced and partly sung, but ballet music became gradually less important.
The next big step occurred in the early years of the nineteenth century, when principal dancers changed from using hard shoes to ballet pumps. This enabled a more free-flowing style of music to be used. In 1832 Marie Taglioni (1804–1884) is credited with being the first famous dancer to dance "en pointe". This was in . It was now possible to have music that was more expressive. Gradually, dancing became more daring, with men lifting the ballerinas into the air.
In no particular order: 1. Publish a book or several articles on just about anything, as long as not self-published; 2. join the Peace Corps for a few years (might be stale idea by now) 3. give up a stellar career in classical music, ballet, etc,to go to law school; 4. Invent something; 5. be 15; 6. be 84; 7. be full blooded Native American; 8. be blind; 9. have completed another "meaningful" career AND have a specific legal interest, eg, doctor, politican, astronaut, zoologist wanting to study/practice/teach med mal, animal rts law, cyber law, space law, disabilities law.....you get the point
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